Astral Projection- A Witchy Way to Travel
Published on June 28, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 3982

In book two of the new witch series I’m researching, the sisters must capture their mother’s murderer and retrieve the map to Sanctuary.  Unfortunately, the Yoruba priestess has taken refuge in another dimension, making their travel by astral projection, necessary.

Human beings have five subtle bodies; these color spectrums of light surround the body and act much like auras and chakras.  These energies are broken down as 1) Etheric body 2) Astral or emotional body 3) Mental body (concrete mind) 4) Causal body (abstract mind).  The subtle body exists with the physical body, and each subtle body has its own aura and set of chakras, and corresponds to a particular plane of existence.

Astral projection has been around for thousands of years and dates back to ancient China.  It is often associated with the New Age Movement.  The idea of astral travel is rooted in religious accounts of the afterlife.  Soul travel appears in various religious traditions throughout history, like the ancient Egyptian concept of the Ka’s (the soul’s) ability to hover outside the physical body.

Reality is created by our consciousness and then projected into the physical grid.  In astral projection, the mind leaves the physical body and moves into the astral body to travel.  When a person astral travels, they still remain attached to their physical body by a long silver cord.  This type of travel can be achieved while awake, meditating, dreaming, or during drug experiences, and it is often referred to as an out-of-body experience (OBE).

Science has yet to prove this is possible. Through brain scans of a lady having an OBE experience, the scan proves this person is experiencing what she claims through brain activity, but it doesn’t conclude that the soul in traveling.  The scientists of this experiment believe her astral travel a type of hallucination, triggered by some neurological mechanism.  (You can find the article here: )

Astral projection is considered a spiritual theory, there’s no physical evidence of the phenomena other than first hand accounts.  From these accounts, the travelers claim to have visited deceased loved ones and aliens from other worlds.  These astral explorers speak of rewarding experiences in their travels and great learning.  But not all experiences are said to be rewarding, Erin Pavlina describes her first astral travel as terrifying, as spirits began to coax her to leave her body.  Pavlina went on to have many more astral experiences and she learned to fight negative spirits like a feisty heroine.

According to philosophical thought, whether it is Hermeticism, Neoplatonism or various others, the astral plane is a world of light between heaven and earth, composed of planets and stars.  These astral spheres are believed to be populated by angels, demons, and spirits.  Many sects belonging to Islamic mysticism interpret Muhammad’s night ascent (Isra and Mi’raj) to be an OBE.  In India, the Yogic tradition is a system of meditation and astral projection.  Astral projection is one of the Siddhis (spiritual powers) considered possible by yoga practitioners.  Christians acknowledge it’s existence in the book of Ecclesiates, and Paul speaks of astral projection in his second letter to the Corinthians.  There are Inuit groups who are said to have the capability of astral projection, and they claim to visit remote places.  Shamans are also known to astral project.  Anyone can practice astral projection if you can reach that type of hypnotic state.  Jerry Gross is considered an expert of out-of-body experiences and he holds workshops and classes on the subject.  When asked about astral projection, Gross had this to say, “Astral projection is the ability to leave your body. Everyone leaves their body at night, but before they do leave, they have to put the physical mind to sleep. Most people don't remember this, but when the physical mind is asleep, the subconscious takes over, and this is usually when you do your astral projection. In other words, everybody does it, but they just don't remember doing it.”  The conscious mind is concerned with the here and now, while the subconscious mind is concerned with processing the soul’s lessons and experiences.

Belief in the afterlife may affect what you see, if you expect to see angels and deceased love ones then you likely will, if you expect to see hell, well then that is likely what you will get.  Form follows conscious and sub-conscious thought, so try to remain in a positive mind-set.  If you come upon negative energy, offer it love and understanding, it is said transformation occurs from unconditional love.  The person traveling decides where they want to go.  Gross claims astral travel is a gift to us to learn how to use.  Those who experiment in this form of travel, speak of various planes shaped by energy and light.  As in dreams, your thoughts guide the experience.  A person must allow the subconscious to take control, while refusing the conscious mind from leading.

A special thank you to,, and

Hottest Men In World Cup
Published on June 24, 2014 by L.A. Hilden | Views: 1708

In celebration of the World Cup, here are some of the hottest men in the game.

Neymar Da Silva Santos Jr. (Brazil)  Age 22

Cristiano Ronaldo  (Portugal)  Age 29 

Oliver Giroud  (France) Age 27

Asmir Begovic  (Bosnia and Herzegovina  Age 27

Haris Serferovic  (Switzerland)  Age 22

Nicola Lodeiro  (Uruguay) Age 25

James Trusi  (Australia)  Age 25

Historic Sights Part Twelve
Published on May 27, 2014 by L.A. Hilden | Views: 2174

Airth Castle is located in the village of Airth, in the Falkirk area of Scotland.  The Gothic castle dates back to the 14th century.  The castle is often linked with the family of Robert the Bruce, since they owned the castle during the 15th century.  The castle was burned during the Battle of Sauchierburn in 1488, but later rebuilt.  An extension was built on the east side of the tower in the mid-16th century, and in 1581, a northeast wing was added, in turn creating an L-shaped design.  In 1717, the castle passed into the hands of the Graham family, an ownership that continued over the next two centuries.  In the 19th century, the Graham family commissioned architect, David Hamilton to fill in the L-shape.  This changed the face of the castle to what it is today.  The Graham family sold the castle in 1920, and it was converted into a hotel in 1971.  Airth Castle is currently an award winning hotel and spa.

Balmoral Castle is located in Royal Deeside, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.  The name Balmoral is Gaelic for majestic dwelling.  The castle is steeped in history with the first house being built on the site by Sir William Drummond in 1390.  The Gordon family built a tower house on the property, when the first Earl of Huntly’s son rented the estate.  The castle passed to Jacobean sympathizers in 1662.  In 1798, James Duff, the second Earl of Fife, purchased and then leased the castle.  And in 1830, the third Earl of Aberdeen acquired the castle and began major alterations implementing the Scots Baronial style.  Balmoral has been a Royal residence since 1852, when Queen Victoria and her consort, Prince Albert purchased the castle.  The Queen deemed the existing 15th century house too small, and it was demolished once the new estate was completed in 1856.  It remains the private property of the monarch, and is not considered a part of the Crown Estate.  There are guided tours, but hours vary, with certain months unavailable for visitors.

Edinburgh Castle is located in Edinburgh, Scotland.  The fortress sits upon volcanic Castle Rock, which erupted over 340 million years ago.  The first human habitation of the site dates back to the 9th century BC.  A royal residence has remained at the site since the 12th century AD.  The fortress was involved in many wars and was besieged at many points throughout history.  Tensions between the English and Scottish monarchies nearly always focused on Edinburgh Castle, for he who held the castle held rule over Edinburgh and in essence all of Scotland.  Some of the buildings were destroyed by artillery in the 16th century.  The chapel however was left unharmed and dates back to the 12th century.  Around 1510, the Great Hall was built by James IV.  During the 17th century the castle was used as a military base.  Edinburgh Castle’s importance as an historical landmark was recognized in the 19th century and restorations began to take place.  The castle sheltered many Scottish monarchs, including Mary Queen of Scots.  In 1996, the Stone of Destiny, on which kings were enthroned for centuries, was returned to Scotland.  This stone is now displayed in the Crown Room at the castle.  Edinburgh Castle is Scotland’s l
eading tourist attraction.

Dalhousie Castle is located in Midlothian, Scotland.  The first castle was constructed in the mid 15th century, although the current structure dates to the 17th century.  The castle is made from pink sandstone and sits on the River Esk.  The drum tower is the oldest part of the L Plan design.  There was a dry moat around the castle, complete with a drawbridge, but it was filled during the late 20th century. Dalhousie Castle was the seat of the Earls of Dalhousie, the chieftains of Clan Ramsey.  In the early 20th century, Clan Ramsey moved to Brechin Castle, but they kept ownership of Dalhousie Castle until 1977.  After eight hundred years of being in the Dalhousie family, the castle was leased for a boarding school, and then converted to a hotel, before it was eventually sold in 2003.  This is the longest any one family owned a castle in Scotland.  The Ramsey Coat of Arms is carved in stone above the castle’s entrance.  Dalhousie Castle is currently a hotel and spa.

Sacred Geometry
Published on May 26, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 2098

I’ve been working on my spiritual witches series.  This series delves into Reiki, the afterlife, energy, witchcraft, reincarnation, ancient Egypt, astral travel, time travel, and of course, love.  One of the subjects I explored was Sacred Geometry.  Sacred Geometry involves universal patterns used in the design of everything in our reality.  This includes the Golden Ratio (Phi), Divine Proportion, and Consciousness.

The belief that God created the universe according to a geometric plan has been believed since ancient times.  These beliefs were culminated through the study of nature and the mathematical principals at work.  These harmonic proportions are found in music, light, and cosmology.  Sacred Geometry is used when planning the building of churches, temples, mosques, altars, and other religious structures.  It is also used in holy places and in religious art.  Sacred Geometry has symbolic and sacred meanings, which are ascribed to geometric shapes of various proportions.

These geometrical patterns can be found throughout nature and history.

The honeybee constructs hexagonal cells to store honey.

The ancient Egyptians geometrically aligned the Great Pyramids with Orion’s belt.

It is said that by connecting with these pattern recognitions of Sacred Geometry that the believer contemplates the “Great Mysteries and Great Design” and that the insight gained may assist in achieving an understanding of the laws of the universe.

In music, modern theorists claim reality is created by harmonics following the pattern of Sacred Geometry.  Pythagoreans believed these harmonic ratios gave music the power to heal.  Like Reiki energy, music can align the chakras and heal the body by lifting energy vibration levels.

The Flower of Life can be found in all major religions of the world and the Seed of Life is found in every Flower.  The Flower of Life is the modern name given to the geometrical figure of multiple and evenly spaced, overlapping circles.  These circles are arranged to form a flower like pattern with a six-fold symmetry like a hexagon.

To some, the Flower of Life contains the fundamental forms of space and time, seen as a visual expression to connect all souls, and believed to be a type of Akashic Record for all living things.  The oldest representation of the Flower of Life was found in stone at the Temple of Osiris in Abydos, Egypt.

Consciousness and reality are set in linear time.  We are here to experience and record human emotion.  Sacred Geometry revolves around the Wheel of Time or Karma, where we experience earthly life and evolve.  We are eternal souls of light having a human experience, where our consciousness spirals down through the patterns of the Golden Ratio, until we reverse the spiral and return to the Creator.

For more information regarding Sacred Geometry and its portrayal in the Bible, and to further understand the creation of man according to Sacred Geometry, I suggest watching the following video.

A special thank you to www.crystallinks and Sacred Geometry Explained-YouTube

Regency Footwear
Published on May 12, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 1638

Since antiquity, people have protected their feet with the use of footwear.  Not only are shoes used to protect, they also make a statement, whether of fashion or status.

During Regency England, those who could afford it had their shoes made by a cobbler. Of course styles changed from round toe to pointy toe with the times.  These changes are most evident in women’s slippers, where different fabrics, colored leathers, and fancy embellishments were added for flare.

The most amazing aspect of ladies shoes at this time was how completely unsuitable most styles were for outdoors, which is why boots were often worn when outside or spending time in the country.  In inclement weather, ladies often wore pattens.  Pattens were a type of overshoe with a wooden soled sandal on the bottom and fastened to the shoe by an iron ring.  Women slipped their shoes into the pattens, which then raised their height, so their skirts wouldn’t touch the muddy roads.

Early Regency saw a collection of heeled slippers, but after the French Revolution heels began to disappear, symbolizing that everyone was born equal. 

Shoes were made to fit, but they had straight lasts, meaning the shoe would mold to your foot with more wear, and thus create a left and right shoe over time.

The half boot became favorable for outdoors.  These flat-soled boots could be worn for various occasions.  They were more durable than slippers, but they were often made from goat leather, nankeen, and denim-like fabrics, which tended to absorb water.  The lace up half boots were popular, nevertheless, the leather was thin and easily damaged by the elements.

For the most part, men’s shoes during this time consisted of a black leather shoes with a small heel and buckle.  Men often wore riding boots, which were available in calf or knee length.  Hessians were quite popular with the privileged class.

The poor and labor classes were likely to wear wooden clogs.  Some wore thick leather shoes with wooden soles.

A special thank you to,, Jane Austen’s England, by Roy and Lesley Adkins

When Your Wrist Fan Speaks
Published on April 25, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 1397

Fans have been sending messages since their inception.  Cleopatra, the Queen of Egypt, surrounded herself by slaves who fanned her in an effort to ward off the scorching heat.  The fan was seen as a sacred instrument by the Egyptians and was used in religious ceremonies in many ancient cultures.  It was a symbol of royal power.

Over time, fans became more than ceremonial symbols, tools to cool us, or another pretty accessory, they became an instrument for ladies to speak in secret code.

Allowing your wrist fan to do the talking became second nature to some in Regency England.  During this time a person was often judged and defined by the cut of their jib, or in this situation, the fineness of your fan.  Fans gained popularity in the 16th century, but these were fixed fans, often made from feathers or wood.  The folding fan originated in Japan and over time came to replace the fixed fan by the end of the 17th century.  Fixed fans had become gauche and a lady would be considered quite out of fashion is she carried one.

The folding fans, made from vellum or paper, were considered stylish, but they could be costly.  Fans were often painted with historic commemorative events, Biblical passages, Asian, mythological, or pastoral scenes.  Fans were used both in the day and night time hours, but eventually they were restricted to the evening.  During the Regency period, Vernis Martin fans were highly sought.  The Martin brothers came up with a special technique for the hand painted scenes, and their fans had the mother of pearl handle guards.  Not only did artists partake in this new canvas, but ladies also took to painting their own fans.

There were three types of folding fans.  The old folding type had sticks fastened together and pleated fabric or paper fastened to the sticks.  The cockade fan was pleaded paper, attached with two sticks, and opened into a full circle, with the sticks forming the handle.  From what I learned during my research, cockade fans were not used in ballrooms.  The brisé fan had numerous sticks put together that were painted individually to form a scene.

Fans, like many accessories, followed fashion trends, and when dresses became more colorful and elaborate, so too did the fans.  Over the centuries, a type of fan language evolved, this was likely a way for the young to cope with the stifling rules of social etiquette at the time.  When proper decorum insisted that a lady could not approach a man they’re interested in or reject a man that they’re not, what is a lady to do?  Seems they create their own type of sign language to send their rejections or encouragement with the hopes that parents will be none the wiser.  I can’t imagine what occurs if you move your fan in a way that wasn’t intended, but I think it would be great to add to a story.  Some historians argue that fan language didn’t exist.  But Charles Francis Badini’s book, Fanology or Ladies’ Conversation Fan, was published in 1797 and fan usage was published in many etiquette books and magazines at the time.  Perhaps it was all a ploy to gain more fan sales.  Badini’s book listed the gestures and what these secret flicks of the wrist conveyed.

Here’s a small list of gestures from his book:

Carrying Open fan: come speak with me

Twirling the fan in the right hand: I love another

Twirling the fan in the left hand: We are being watched

Placing the fan near your heart: I love you

A half-closed fan pressed to the lips: You may kiss me

Letting the fan rest on the right cheek: Yes

Letting the fan rest on the left cheek: No

Dropping the fan: We will be friends


After reading a small portion of the gestures I tend to wonder how many men actually read the subtle clues ladies were giving them across a dance floor.  Seems you could hold an entire conversation just by moving your fan.  The fan reached its peak during the Victorian era, but they fell out of favor in the mid-20th century.


A special thank you to,, and

Easter Eggs
Published on April 18, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 880

Decorating eggshells is an ancient tradition.  In cultures around the world, the egg is a symbol of new life, fertility, and rebirth.  For this reason, many ancient cultures used eggs during their spring festivals.  In Africa, decorated ostrich eggs have been found that are over 60,000 years old.  Ostrich eggs of gold and silver were found in graves of the ancient Sumerians and Egyptians.

In 1610 A.D., the Christian Church began the custom of decorating eggs in memory of Jesus Christ.  These eggs were stained red to represent the blood shed at Christ’s crucifixion.  The hard shell of the egg represented Christ’s sealed tomb, and thus the cracking of the egg symbolized resurrection.  Christians wouldn’t eat eggs during Lent, and Easter was the first chance to eat them after 40 days of going without.  The eggs laid during that time were often preserved through boiling.  This is also why eggs were in abundance during Easter meals.

Many traditions have formed around eggs.  In Europe, they were hung on New Year trees and Maypoles, since the egg symbolizes the regenerative forces of nature.  Egg hunts and rolling eggs down a hill were games played by many cultures.  Every year the White House has an Easter egg roll on the lawn.

Decorating techniques and traditions vary by culture, but eggs were often given as a token of friendship, love, and peace.


A special thank you to

Published on March 30, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 1895

In the Early Modern Era, roughly 1480 to 1750, there were sanctioned and official witch trails.  Most of us are aware of these stories from history and Hollywood films, but during this time of mass hysteria, an estimated 40,000-60,000 people were executed, and 75 to 85% of them were women.

Many Acts regarding witchcraft were made into law, with an introduction to more serious penalties occurring under King Henri’s VIII’s, Witchcraft Act of 1542.  This Act was the first to define witchcraft as a felony, a crime punishable by death.  Then in 1563, Elizabeth I passed a law against Conjuring, Enchantment, and Witchcraft.  Although witchcraft was still considered a felony, the new law was more lenient, and allowed the death penalty only when harm had been caused to another.  Lessor offences were given a prison term.

Prior to Elizabeth I’s new law, anyone could be accused of witchcraft on any grounds, without any proof.  The accused were brought before an ecclesiastical court, where church ministers acted as judge, jury, and executioner.  The confessions were sought through the use of torture and so there was little chance of anyone escaping an accusation of witchcraft.  Being tortured led to the majority of those accused to admit to guilt before being executed.  Due to the 1563 law, those accused were now brought under the jurisdiction of the courts, allowing due legal process.  Evidence was required to prove the accused did harm to another.

In 1604, these Acts were added to by King James to include the penalty of death again, without the benefit of clergy if a person was found guilty of invoking evil spirits or supernatural entities.  This law was called An Act Against Conjuration, Witchcraft, and Dealing with Evil and Wicked Spirits.  The law had many powerful supporters, including the English witch hunter Matthew Hopkins.  Burning at the stake was eliminated except in cases that also involved petty treason.

In 1735, Great Britain did a complete one eighty in regard to its views and passed the Witchcraft Act.  Parliament made it a crime for any person to accuse someone of having magical powers or to claim a person guilty of practicing witchcraft.  The belief in magic and the supernatural was against the law.  The maximum penalty was a year in prison.  The law was considered heavy handed and thought to be a view held by the medieval church that magic was illusionary and superstitious nonsense.  The new law meant that witchcraft was no longer considered a criminal act, but an act against the country’s newly enlightened state, and thus considered fraud.

Witch trails subsided after 1700, and the last person executed for witchcraft in Great Britain was Scottish born, Janet Horne, who was executed in the British Isles in 1727.  The law wasn’t without opposition, and Lord James Erskine, a significant figure in parliament, did argue against the Act of 1735.  Erskine claimed to believe in witchcraft, which had many members in parliament thinking he had bats in his belfry, although it’s believed he rejected the law because of Scottish political and religious reasons, not because of his belief in magic.

The Witchcraft Act of 1735 was used during the early 19th century in an attempt by the political elite to rid ignorance and superstition among the masses.  This law was eventually repealed with the enactment of the Fraudulent Mediums Act of 1951.  The new law was implemented in England and Wales.  It prohibited a person from claiming to be a psychic, medium, or other spiritualist while attempting to deceive and profit from the deception for reasons other than entertainment.  Of course this law was also repealed in 2008 and replaced with Consumers Protection Regulations.

Witchcraft, voodoo, magic, and sorcery have been punishable since the earliest laws preserved by man.  In ancient Egypt and Babylonia, The Code of Hammurabi (18th century B.C.) said this: "If a man has put a spell upon another man and it is not justified, he upon whom the spell is laid shall go to the holy river; into the holy river shall he plunge. If the holy river overcomes him and he is drowned, the man who put the spell upon him shall take possession of his house. If the holy river declares him innocent and he remains unharmed the man who laid the spell shall be put to death. He that plunged into the river shall take possession of the house of him who laid the spell upon him."

Roman laws before Christianity had provisions against evil incantations and spells.  Thousands of Romans were killed under the guise of witchcraft; many of these deaths were triggered from epidemic outbreaks.  The numbers of deaths are believed to far surpass the witch-hunts of Early Modern Europe.

Fear can be a very powerful motivator for people, and the Bible tends to play upon such fear.  The Hebrew Bible condemns sorcery in Deuteronomy, Exodus, Samuel, and others.  Since so many people followed scripture, they believed the Exodus scripture that “thou shalt not suffer a witch to live” and well, they didn’t.

The witch trails in Early Modern Europe came in waves, with witch trails in the 15th and early 16th centuries, but declining before peaking again in the 17th century.  To justify the killing of others, the Protestant Christians deemed witchcraft to be associated with Satan.

The largest numbers of witch-hunts in Modern Europe were seen in central and southern Germany, with the peak years in 1561-1670.  Witch-hunts first appeared in large numbers in France and Switzerland during the 14th and 15th centuries.  In Denmark, following the reformation of 1536, the practice of witch hunting was encouraged, and hundreds of people were convicted and burned.  The Salem witch trails in the U.S. took place in the late 17th century.

After reading the reasons behind some of these trials and why a person was accused, I have to say the ignorance and following the herd mentality is amazing.  Some of these women were healers, who worked with plants and herbs to help others, some were deformed, some not liked by their neighbors, others were midwives, but I’m sure very few were true witches.  These people were merely feared or disliked by others who were too closed-minded to see that they were the ones sinning with their acts of murder.


A special thank you to www.parliment.UK, and

What I'm Currently Working On
Published on March 17, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 955

My third time travel in the Destiny series, A Tudor Displaced is finished and off to the editor.

A Tudor Displaced is the story of Phoebe Bennett, who follows the time travel passageway to Regency England.  Upon arrival, she’s placed under the care of the Earl of Inlsey, Gabriel Worthing, who has no idea how to handle the unpredictable Tudor lady.  The main characters from the previous two stories also come back to welcome and help Phoebe adjust to her new life.  Of course, Gabriel refuses any help from Desirea, but the Hollywood starlet is not about to let that fly.

I’m branching out in my writing and have recently finished the rough draft of my new Time Travel Paranormal.  I wished to write a novel that would capture a larger audience, while writing something I enjoyed, and that I would allow my teen kids to read.  I’ve always wanted to write a series about good witches, but I wanted them to also have a higher awareness and for their minds to be open to learning.  I also wanted love to echo throughout the story, a love for family, for others, and for life.  I endeavored to create a spiritual understanding of the powerful energy of love.  Since I’m fascinated by life and our soul’s immortality, my keen interest had me reading far more than I likely would have for research.  I’ve read about people receiving messages from angels, from deceased loved-ones, and from spirit guides.  I read books on NDE’s (Near death experiences), but by far my favorites were the books regarding Past Life Regression Therapy.

This new time travel series focuses upon three sister witches.  The Griffin triplets are descendants of the great Queen, Cleopatra of Egypt.  This new story involves the spiritual aspects of our lives, while delving into the soul’s purpose, and exploring the Divine energy of love that surrounds us.  Historical tidbits regarding Egypt, Isis, and healing stones appear throughout the story.  The Griffin sisters have incarnated to balance the energies of positive and negative, regardless of year or dimension.  And in their free time, they own and operate the Griffin Reiki and Wellness center.  Their faith in God, their understanding of the afterlife, and their love for each other is how the sisters advance to awaken the spiritual awareness’s of mankind.

The dozens of books I’ve read have advanced my spiritual wellbeing, which has been a rewarding experience.

Here are a few books that I thought inspiring.

Brian Weiss, Many Lives, Many Masters.  (I’ve read nearly all of Weiss’s books, but if I had to pick only one, I’d choose this one.)  This book is known to be life changing.

Michael Newton, Destiny of Souls.

Delores Cannon, Between Death and Life.

Squire Rushnell, Divine Alignment.

Catherine Lanigan, Angel Watch.



The Curse Tablet
Published on February 24, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 1848

While doing my research on magic and witches throughout history, I came upon what was known throughout the Greco-Roman world as a curse tablet.  People who wish to ask the gods to do harm to another wrote a curse tablet text.  These curses were usually scratched on very thin sheets of lead, then rolled, and pierced together with nails.  The bound tablets were then buried, either in graves, thrown in wells or rivers, or nailed on the wall of temples.  Sometimes the tablets included a piece of hair or clothing, or the name of the person the curse was meant to harm.

The messages were often addressed to the lessor gods like Pluto, Charon, and Persephone.  Not all evoked the gods, and some of the tablets provided a list of crimes against the target.  The targets tended to be rivals in love and war.  Some tablets only carry the name of the person targeted, leading researches to believe that the curse may have been said aloud.  Many of he tablets are said to contain imprecise wording, like: “if he is guilty” or even conditional phrases such as, “if he breaks his word.”  The concern is with justice being received by the target.

Curse tablets were used to deter thieves in Roman Bath houses.  Over a hundred Latin written tablets were excavated in Bath, England.  Bathers didn’t care to emerge from their bath to find their clothes stolen, so the tablets were used to deter thieves by using their faith and fear in the gods.  The curse tablet was believed to bring the criminal to justice and retrieve the lost item.  They were oft times considered more binding if the curse was written backwards.

Curse tablets were also used for court cases, like writing down a curse that would prevent another from speaking.

In 2006, a curse tablet was found in Leicester, England, outside of an Ancient Roman townhouse, dating from the second century A.D.  The tablet reads:  “To the god Maglus, I give the wrongdoer who stole the cloak of Servandus.  Silvester, Roimandus … that he destroy him before the ninth day, the person who stole the cloak of Servandus …" A list of 18 or 19 suspects were named on the tablet.

Magic was used by the Greco-Roman society, regardless of economic or social status.  There are about 1600 curse tablets discovered, 220 of them were located in Attica, Greece, with the many of those written in Greek.  The first sets of tablets were found in Selinus, Sicily and are believed to be from the 6th century B.C.  Of the 1600 tablets found, 110 are written in Greek.  Ancient literature shows that these curse tablets were well known and feared.

Not all of these tablets contained curses; some of them contained love spells.  The curse tablet faded into obscurity around the 7th or 8th centuries A.D., although cursing continues to flourish today.


A special thank you to National Geographic News and