Historic Sights Part Eleven
Published on January 22, 2014 by lahilden | Views: 1417

Castle Stalker is a four-story keep that sits on a tidal island on Loch Linnhe.  It is located off the coast of Argyll, Scotland.  The castle is accessible from the shore at low tide.  The original castle was built in the early 14th century by Clan MacDougall who were the Lords of Lorn. (Lorn is an ancient district in the west of Scotland.)  Around 1388 the Stewarts took over the Lordship of Lorn and were said to have built the castle that currently rests upon the site in the 1440’s.  Due to a drunken wager made by King James IV of Scotland, the castle passed to Clan Campbell in 1620.  The Campbell’s abandoned the castle in 1840, when the keep lost its roof.  In 1965 Lt. Colonel D.R Stewart Allward purchased the castle and began restoration.  Castle stalker is owned privately and is open to the public at select times during the summer.

Ballindalloch Castle is located in Moray, Scotland.  The first tower of the Z plan design was built in 1546, which was a typical design for the late 16th century noble houses in the Grampian region.  The tower house was plundered and burned by the first Marquis of Montrose, but was restored in 1645.  Ballindalloch is known as the Pearl of the North.  The property has been in the Russell Macpherson-Grant family since 1457.  The Macpherson-Grants, founded the famous Aberdeen Angus cattle on this land.  In 1770, two wings were added to the castle by James Grant, who decided to enlarge his family home and allow his chef the use of one of the new wings.  Throughout the property’s history, the castle underwent alterations, which were extensive during the Victorian era, with further modernizations being done in 1965.  The rivers Spey and Avon run through the property.  The home is still family owned and is open to the public.  Guests can partake in light snacks and beverages in the tearoom.

Cardiff Castle is a medieval castle and Victorian gothic revival mansion.  The castle is located in Cardiff, Wales.  The structure was originally a 3rd century Roman fort that was built upon by Norman invaders in the 11th century.  The castle was the heart of the medieval town of Cardiff.  In the 12th century, the castle was rebuilt with stone and defensive walls were erected around the property.  Cardiff Castle underwent many attacks in the 12th century due to conflicts between the Anglo-Normans and the Welsh.  Owen Glendower, the Prince of Wales, attacked the castle in 1404 during the Welsh Revolt against King Henri IV of England.  The English Parliament also took the castle by force during the English Civil War, but Royalist supporters regained it in 1645.  The structure continued to undergo renovations through the years when it passed into the hands of the Marquesses of Bute.  The castle grew into a Georgian mansion and many of the other medieval buildings on the property, along with the walls, were demolished.  The grounds were landscaped and reconstructed to include parks.  The finding of Roman remains led to the walls and a gatehouse being reconstructed into the Roman design.  The interior is considered to be an excellent example of gothic revival.  In the 20th century, many commercial companies took interest in the lands surrounding Cardiff and the property was sold off in pieces, with some of the lands becoming nationalized, until only the castle was left.  The castle is currently owned by the city of Cardiff and it is open to the public.

Alcázar of Segovia is a stone fortification located in the city of Segovia, Spain.  The castle is built upon a rock cliff above the rivers of Eresma and Clamores.  Segovia Castle is shaped like the bow of a ship, making it distinct from other castles.  The fortification first began as an Arab Fort, which was built atop the remains of a Roman fort.  The castle is believed to have been built in the 12th century, after the city of Segovia returned to Christian hands. The palace was enlarged and added to during the next four centuries.  During the middle ages the castle served as a royal palace.  It has also served as a state prison, a royal Artillery College, and a military academy.  In 1862 a fire destroyed much of the structure and it was rebuilt two decades later in a more romantic style.  Segovia Castle is one of the castles that inspired Disney’s Cinderella Castle.