Historic Sights Part Eight
Published on July 20, 2013 by lahilden | Views: 3750

Swallow’s Nest is a decorative castle located on the Crimean peninsula in southern Ukraine.  The castle was built between 1911-1912 by a German noble and is perched on top of Aurora Cliff.  Swallow’s Nest was constructed in a Neo-Gothic style, designed by Russian architect Leonid Sherwood.  The castle overlooks the Cape of Ai-Todor of the Black Sea.  An observation deck rings the building, providing a view of the sea and Yalta’s shoreline.  The building is compact in size and is one of the most popular destinations for people visiting Crimea.

Duart Castle is located on the Isle of Mull, off the west coast of Scotland.  The castle dates back to the 13th century and is the seat of clan MacLean.  The fortress sits on a crag at the end of a peninsula on Mull.  It has fortified walls and stands guard over what was once one of the most important water crossways in western Scotland.  A ship couldn’t pass without the occupants of Castle Duart being aware.  Sir Fitroy Maclean, the 26th Chief of clan MacLean, restored the castle in 1911.  The home currently serves as the home of the 28th Chief of clan MacLean, but it is open to the public.

Chateau De Pierrefonds is a castle located in the commune of Pierrefonds in the Oise department of France.  The castle carries the characteristics of a defensive military structure from the Middle Ages, although major restoration occurred on the castle in the 19th century.  The castle was built in the 12th century and two centuries later King Charles VI turned the County of Valois, which includes Pierrefonds, into a Duchy and gave the fortress and surrounding land to his brother Louis, Duke of Orleans.  The chateau was rebuilt during 1393-1407.  The castle was later besieged and torn down by Louis XIII at the beginning of the 17th century, but due to the enormity of the task, much of the castle remained with the exception of the roofs and the holes made in the towers and curtain walls.  For nearly two centuries the castle laid in ruins, until Napoleon I bought it in 1810 for less than 3,000 francs.  The fortress was restored and declared a national historic interest in 1848.  The BBC used the castle for their filming of the series, Merlin.  The castle was also used in the filming of Highlander series and a cut scene of the castle was used for Disney’s, Wizards of Waverly Place.

Egekov Castle is located in Southern Funen, Denmark.  The castle is Europe’s best-preserved Renaissance water castle.  Egekov Castle was constructed by Frands Brockenhuus in 1554.  The castle is located in a small lake, which was originally only accessible by a drawbridge.  The structure consists of two long houses that connect by a double wall.  This allowed defenders to abandon one section of the castle and continue fighting from the other building.  The double wall is over a meter thick and has secret stairwells and a water well to supply the needed sustenance during a siege.  The outer walls have machicolations for dropping solids or liquids on enemies below.  According to legend, it took an entire forest of oak trees to build the defensive fortress, hence the name Egekov, which means oak forest.


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