Historic Sights Part Five
Published on February 27, 2013 by lahilden | Views: 1852

Enniskillen Castle is located in Enniskillen, County of Fermanagh, in Northern Ireland.  Originally built in the 16th century, this castle played a large role in Ireland’s rebellion against English rule.  Enniskillen Castle was taken after an eight-day siege.  The castle consists of two sections, a central tower keep, and a curtained wall fortified with small turrets.  In the 17th century it became an English garrison fort and later served as military barracks.

Baddesley Castle is located in the historic town of Warwick in England.  The house is believed to have been established in the 13th century by Thomas de Clinton.  In the 15th century, the house was fitted with gun-ports and possibly a drawbridge.  The east range is flanked by two-story gatehouses. In the 16th century, Baddesley became of refuge for Catholic priests after the Reformation, and secret passages, and hiding places called “priest holes” were created for their concealment. These hiding places were believed to be created by Saint Nicholas Owen, who was eventually caught and tortured to death by the Protestant English government.

Berkeley Castle is a castle located in the town of Berkeley, in the county of Gloucestershire in England.  The castle dates back to the 11th century and it has been home to the Berkeley family for 850 years.  The castle remained in the Berkeley family except for a period of royal ownership by the Tudors.  Berkeley Castle was possibly the location to where King Henri VIII took Anne Boleyn to honeymoon after their secret marriage.  Over 24 generations of Berkeley’s have transformed the Roman fortress into the home it is today.  Berkeley Castle is believed to be the scene of the murder of King Edward II in 1327.  King Edward II was confined in a windowless cell near the dungeon.  The fortress is irregular in style and has various keeps and embattled buildings surrounding the court.  The keep is nearly circular, having one square tower and three semicircular ones.  Originally this castle had a moat and bailey.

Craigievar Castle is a 14th century castle located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.  The castle stands seven stories tall and is pinkish in color due to it being a harled castle, which is a special surfacing technique, used to provide a long-lasting weather shield.  The castle sits amongst the rolling foothills of the Grampian Mountains and was the former seat of Clan Sempill.  The castle was designed in an L plan, though built upwards instead of sideways.  Craigievar Castle boasts multiple turrets and gargoyles and is noted for the craftsmanship of its plasterwork ceilings.  Craigievar is an example of Scottish Baronial architecture and was completed in 1626.  During WWI the castle was used for wounded Belgium soldiers.  William Forbes purchased the castle in 1610 from the Mortimer family who found themselves in financial straits.  The Forbes family resided here for 350 years until 1963, when the property was gifted to the National Trust of Scotland.